Workshop Organizer: Janis Nalbadidacis (Chair for South East European History, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin), Matthias Thaden (Chair for the History of Western Europe and Transatlantic Relations, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)
Workshop Date: 01.-02.06.2017
Supported by the Center for Modern Greece (Centrum Modernes Griechenland – CeMoG) and the Southeast Europe Association (Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft – SOG)
The Cold War as a global geopolitical order after World War II had a profound impact on the comparatively small area of South East Europe. Ideological fault lines divided various countries from one another and resulted in an exceptionally fragmented political landscape: Rumania und Bulgaria joined the Warsaw Pact under Soviet influence, Greece and Turkey became members of the NATO, and Yugoslavia held a leading position in the Non-Aligned movement. Furthermore, Albania broke bonds with the Soviet Union in 1962 and became increasingly isolated. Not only in a Cold War-context, South East Europe is often seen as a periphery to the global centers. The workshop will challenge this perspective. Instead, we will approach the region as a center of ideological fractions during the Cold War, therefore treating it as a “burning glass” of geopolitical orders.
Up until now, research on Cold War South East Europe has predominantly been state-centered, with diplomatic history prevailing as a privileged approach. Cold War Studies are increasingly adopting current historiographic innovations that emphasize both micro-historical and actor-centered as well as transnational approaches. By asking about the implications and consequences of global configurations on a local level and how such patterns were perceived and appropriated, a general trend can be identified that aims at writing a social and cultural history of the Cold War. In this vein, it has been argued that the Cold War is to be studied beyond geopolitical constellations and state actors’ strategies. Instead, emphasis is to be put on the field of the production of cultural and social meaning and on scrutinizing the relevance of binary Cold War representations for the shaping of peoples’ everyday realities over time. Following this perspective, we are interested in investigating to what extent practices and narratives became informed by respective “Cold War frames of reference”. This approach, however, would not be sufficient without taking into consideration individuals’ agency and conflictive sets of representations that complemented or even undermined normative visions of Cold War order. For instance, did imperial legacies or age-old trans-border practices in South East Europe challenge such normative visions of Cold War?
This way, the workshop not only intends to make a contribution to the regional history during this period but, at the same time, to further general insights on the Cold War. We especially welcome local and actor-centered contributions as well as comparative approaches, which contrast their respective topic with cases from other regions.
To this end, we encourage the presentation of research which addresses one of the following overarching question sets:
How did various actors on various levels participate in the process of establishing the Cold War as a frame of reference in South East Europe? How did referring to the Cold War influence their perceptions and expectations? Was the Cold War order consciously mobilized in order to pursue their interests and agendas?
Which competing local and regional narratives of world order existed? How did such alternatives challenge Cold War patterns? Who were the representatives of such alternative views and what was their relation to official discourses in South East Europe?
How did transnational projects and globally circulating ideas take shape in South East Europe? Did they correspond with regional conditions and developments?
Papers will be pre-circulated and participants are expected to read the workshop’s material and respond to presentations. Paper abstracts (up to 500 words) should be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com by February 5, 2017. Travel expenses for authors of accepted papers will be covered up to an amount of 100 €.
The Center for Modern Greece is an Institution of the Department of Philosophy and Humanities at Freie Universität Berlin, made possible by the generous support of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation.